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Codeforces Round #426 (Div. 1), problem: (D) Red-Black Cobweb Solution In C/C++

#include <iostream>
#include <cstring>
#include <cstdio>
#include <cmath>
#include <algorithm>
#define maxn 100005
#define mod 1000000007
#define ll long long
using namespace std;
ll ksm(ll a, ll b)
{
if(!b) return 1;
ll ns = ksm(a, b >> 1);
ns *= ns, ns %= mod;
if(b & 1) ns *= a, ns %= mod;
return ns;
}
struct edge
{
int u, v, c;
ll w;
bool flag;
edge *rev;
edge *next;
}pool[maxn << 2], *h[maxn];
int cnt = 0;
void addedge(int u, int v, int w, int c)
{
edge *new1 = &pool[cnt++];
new1->u = u, new1->v = v, new1->w = w, new1->c = c, new1->flag = 1, new1->next = h[u], h[u] = new1;
edge *new2 = &pool[cnt++];
new2->u = v, new2->v = u, new2->w = w, new2->c = c, new2->flag = 1, new2->next = h[v], h[v] = new2;
new1->rev = new2, new2->rev = new1;
}
int mxpl = -1, mxs = maxn;
int size[maxn];
void getzx(int a, int fa, int asize)
{
size[a] = 1;
int nmx = 0;
for(edge *p = h[a]; p; p = p->next)
{
if(!p->flag) continue;
if(p->v == fa) continue;
getzx(p->v, a, asize), size[a] += size[p->v], nmx = max(nmx, size[p->v]);
}
int ns = max(nmx, asize – size[a]);
if(ns < mxs) mxs = ns, mxpl = a;
}

int lowbit(int x)
{
return x & (-x);
}
const int pls = maxn * 2;
struct bit1
{
int d[maxn << 2];
int chq[maxn * 20], ed;
bit1()
{
ed = 0;
for(int i = 0; i < (maxn << 2); i++) d[i] = 0;
}
void init()
{
while(ed) d[chq[ed – 1]] = 0, ed–;
}
void ch(int pl, int num)
{
pl += pls;
while(pl < (maxn << 2))
d[pl] += num, chq[ed++] = pl, pl += lowbit(pl);
}
int query(int pl)
{
pl += pls;
int ans = 0;
while(pl)
ans += d[pl], pl -= lowbit(pl);
return ans;
}
}plbit[2];

struct bit2
{
ll d[maxn << 2];
int chq[maxn * 20], ed;
bit2()
{
ed = 0;
for(int i = 0; i < (maxn << 2); i++) d[i] = 1;
}
void init()
{
while(ed) d[chq[ed – 1]] = 1, ed–;
}
void ch(int pl, int num)
{
// cout<<“CHANGE”<<pl<<” “<<num<<endl;
pl += pls;
while(pl < (maxn << 2))
d[pl] *= num, d[pl] %= mod, chq[ed++] = pl, pl += lowbit(pl);
}
ll query(int pl)
{
pl += pls;
ll ans = 1;
while(pl)
ans *= d[pl], ans %= mod, pl -= lowbit(pl);
return ans;
}
}mulbit[2];

int ed = 0, q[maxn][3], num[maxn][2];
ll ans = 1;
void dfs(int a, int fa, ll mt)
{
q[ed][0] = num[a][0], q[ed][1] = num[a][1], q[ed][2] = mt, ed++;
for(edge *p = h[a]; p; p = p->next)
{
if(!p->flag) continue;
if(p->v == fa) continue;
num[p->v][0] = num[a][0], num[p->v][1] = num[a][1], num[p->v][p->c]++;
dfs(p->v, a, mt * p->w % mod);
}
}
ll bk(ll a){return ksm(a, mod – 2);}
void work(int a, int asize)
{
for(int i = 0; i < 2; i++)
plbit[i].init(), mulbit[i].init();
ll nsize = 1, nl = 1;
for(int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
plbit[j].ch(0, 1), mulbit[j].ch(0, 1);
for(edge *p = h[a]; p; p = p->next)
{
if(!p->flag) continue;
ed = 0;
num[p->v][0] = num[p->v][1] = 0, num[p->v][p->c]++;
dfs(p->v, a, p->w);
for(int i = 0; i < ed; i++)
{
ans *= ksm(q[i][2], nsize), ans %= mod;
ans *= nl, ans %= mod;
}
for(int i = 0; i < ed; i++)
nl *= q[i][2], nl %= mod, nsize++;
for(int i = 0; i < ed; i++)
for(int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
ans *= bk(ksm(q[i][2], plbit[j].query(q[i][j] – 2 * q[i][!j] – 1))),
ans %= mod,
ans *= bk(mulbit[j].query(q[i][j] – 2 * q[i][!j] – 1)),
ans %= mod;

for(int i = 0; i < ed; i++)
for(int j = 0; j < 2; j++)
plbit[j].ch(2 * q[i][!j] – q[i][j], 1),
mulbit[j].ch(2 * q[i][!j] – q[i][j], q[i][2]);
}
getzx(a, -1, asize);
for(edge *p = h[a]; p; p = p->next)
{
if(!p->flag) continue;
p->flag = p->rev->flag = 0;
mxpl = -1, mxs = maxn;
getzx(p->v, -1, size[p->v]);
work(mxpl, size[p->v]);
}
}
int main()
{
int n;
scanf(“%d”, &n);
for(int i = 1; i < n; i++)
{
int u, v, w, c;
scanf(“%d%d%d%d”, &u, &v, &w, &c);
addedge(u, v, w, c);
}
work(1, n);
printf(“%I64d\n”, ans);
return 0;
}

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